Challenging: Jehovah's Witnesses....
Among many other Scripturally incorrect statements, Jehovah's Witnesses proclaim themselves to be "Spiritual Israel," and
believe that the prophecies directed to "Israel" in the Bible are
actually directed to the Watchtower organization. Exactly WHERE in the Bible can one verify this? Those who are part of "spiritual Israel" are Torah observant believers in Messiah Yeshua, not those who can't even get His Name right....
The truth is, the Bible never mentions "Jehovah's Witnesses" or the Watchtower. (As a matter of
fact, the word "Jehovah" is never mentioned, either. In Hebrew,
God calls Himself YHWH [Yod-Hey-Vav-Hey, pronounced "Yahweh"], not "Jehovah", which is a
"worldly" mistranslation. Furthermore, the Hebrew word "hovah" means "disaster, ruin, or mischief": Strongs Concordance: #1943). (Please see our article entitled The True Name of God.) The Jews alone were, are, and always will be "Israel," God's "Chosen People". What Christians need to realize, however, is that as "grafted-in" children, THEY too are part of Israel!
Jehovah's Witnesses are among some of the most deceived people in the world when it comes to God and the Bible. Some examples include:
- Christ is God's Son and is inferior to him:
What absolute blasphemy against YHWH (Yahweh) who sent "His Son" Yeshua, who was an "arm of YHWH" (Isaiah 53:1), also called "Master of Masters and King of Kings" (Rev. 17:14)....
Philippians 2: 9 Therefore God raised him to the highest place and gave him the name above every name; 10 that in honor of the name given Yeshua, every knee will bow - in heaven, on earth and under the earth - 11 and every tongue will acknowledge that Yeshua the Messiah is ADONAI - to the glory of God the Father. (Stern's Complete Jewish Bible)
The Jehovahs Witnesses are correct in their assertion that there is no such thing as "Trinity" or "three Persons" as most Christians insist. However, the Scriptures DO tell us YHWH (God, the Father) is Echad - the plural form of one (as in one BUNCH of grapes, or one DOZEN eggs as opposed to one grape or one egg); He is not "several" beings and the Ruach haKodesh (Holy Spirit) is not a "person". (How could "the person of the Holy Spirit" get inside another person - it doesn't even make sense!) God can present Himself to us in whatever form He wishes and we have no right to suggest He is anything except what the Scriptures have revealed.
Check this out:
The Sh'ma (Deuteronomy 6:4-9) renders useless the "greater and lesser YHWH" idea. While Yeshua did "submit Himself" to the Father (John 17:4), it did not make Him "lesser" in any way, shape, or form. For instance, when we were submitting ourselves to learn from our parents, teachers, bosses - it didn't make us "lesser" human beings. Neither did Yeshua's submission to "God the Father" make Him "less".
YHWH, our Creator, is indeed, ONE. He said so! It is futile (not to mention, blasphemy) to attempt to downplay YHWH's power in whatever form He chooses to present it. Whenever we attempt to illustrate the concept of God to the atheists who write to The Refiner's Fire, we like to compare the idea of Him to a fiber optic lamp with its myriad lights emanating from the ends of long, thin tubes. The lights appear ONLY because of the base that is powered by electricity. Without the base, there would be no light. The Entity of YHWH is the "base" with His light emanating everywhere via whatever "form" He chooses. He didn't divide Himself in half in order to present Himself as Yeshua on earth. He used the "form" of Yeshua to reveal Himself in a personal way that MAN could understand with his limited, human mindset. YHWH wasn't wanting man to worship the flesh of Yeshua, but YHWH Whom Yeshua represented as part of the Echad, the "one-ness" of God!
On a more scholarly level, the YHWH/Yeshua relationship can be explained via the Aramaic word qnoma. Qnoma is a very important term that has been greatly diluted and misunderstood over the centuries. Through an exceedingly complex linguistic chain of events this word, meaning "an occurrence of a nature" got morphed and perverted into "person" in Greek. As a result, the One Elohim (YHWH) is represented in a pagan manner in the Greek New Testament as a "person" distinct and equal with "Elohim the Son" and "Elohim the Ruach haKodesh." Instead, it is the oneness of YHWH that manifests in Mashiyach, not that Mashiyach's divinity is separate from his Father's. However, in this case we are talking about humanity and not YHWH, and both of them have "natures" that cannot be seen, and yet are a root part of their being. Or, to put it another way, a "nature" is like a body hidden behind a curtain. For those in the audience, nothing of that nature can be seen. Then, all of a sudden, a hand and part of an arm appears through the veil. While we know there is a body attached to that limb, the limb is all we see. Furthermore, that arm moves with full force, will and agreement of the mind that controls the body. For the viewers, the arm appearing out of the curtain is the qnoma (occurrence) and the hidden mind behind that limb's movement is its kyanna (nature)....
The Bible tells us YHWH is all-powerful, all-knowing, eternal, and everywhere at once. Our minds can't comprehend Him - and they won't, until we're taken out of our "earth-suits" to be present with Him. He didn't lose control of the universe while an aspect of Himself was presenting Yeshua to the world! He didn't lose control of the universe while He was guiding the Israelites via pillars of cloud and fire, or while speaking through a burning bush or a donkey, or presenting Himself in the form of "three men" at the Oaks of Mamre (Genesis 18:2). When God was physically with Adam and Eve in the Garden (Genesis 2:15-16 and 3:8-9), was He then the "lesser" God or the "greater" God? What arrogance on our parts to determine what degree of "god" YHWH is in ANY FORM! Please read our article, Yeshua is Elohim.
Throughout Scripture we see over and over again that YHWH is a "One-ness" in whatever "form" He presents Himself! Examples:
Deuteronomy 4: 39 ...know today, and establish it in your heart, that ADONAI is God in heaven above and on earth below - there is no other.
Isaiah 45: 5 I am ADONAI; there is no other; besides me there is no God.
The Bible goes on to tell us that Yeshua was YHWH in the Flesh (John 10:22-39). The Bible does NOT tell us Yeshua was "partially divine" nor does it ever mention "two YHWHs". Teaching that is FALSE DOCTRINE!
Isaiah 9:6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.
Micah 5: 2 "But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, From the days of eternity."
Romans 1:20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.
Colossians 2: 8 See to it that no one takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the tradition of men, according to the elementary principles of the world, rather than according to Christ. 9 For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form.
Matthew 16:15-17: 15"But what about you?" he (Yeshua) asked. "Who do you say I am?" 16Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." Yeshua replied, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven.
John 1: I and the Father are One, He who has seen me has seen the Father....
John 1 also tells us: 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was with God in the beginning. 3 All things came to be through him, and without him nothing made had being. 4 In him was life, and the life was the light of mankind. 5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness not has suppressed it.
John 4:26: Then Yeshua declared, "I who speak to you am he."
John 17:1-3: After Yeshua said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed: 2"Father, the time has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you. For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him. 3Now this is eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Yeshua Christ, whom you have sent. 4I have brought you glory on earth by completing the work you gave me to do. 5And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began.
Matthew 1: 23...they shall call his name EMMANUEL, which being interpreted is, GOD WITH US.
John 8: 24...if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.
God, through the FORM known as Yeshua performed all kinds of miracles that included raising the dead and controlling nature. Psalm 90:1 and 1 Timothy 1:17 show that YHWH did NOT have a beginning or an end. The same cannot be said for a "lesser god". YHWH will return in the "form" of Yeshua to defeat the Antichrist and then rule the world for a thousand years. Does this mean we will be following a "lesser God"? No! YHWH is doing this for US, to help us understand Him better before He brings down His "new heaven and new earth" (2 Peter 3:13, Isaiah 65:17, Isaiah 66:22, Revelation 21:1-5, Luke 18:30) where everything will be far more different than our human minds could ever comprehend! We don't know/weren't told in the Bible exactly what "form" we will be looking upon in eternity when we look upon our Creator.
Yeshua was here once and His flesh died, yet HE will be returning! What's "lesser" about that? Can a mere man die and return again to rule the world? Can a mere man walk on water, turn water into wine, control nature, or raise the dead? Jeremy 32:17 tells us YHWH is all-powerful. Psalm 147:5 and Acts 15:18 say He is "all-knowing". A "lesser" YHWH could not be "all powerful" or "all-knowing", let alone, "eternal".
1 Timothy 3: 16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God (not a "greater or lesser" in any way) was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Yeshua was Divine in a human form - something only God could have made possible. But to relegate Him to a "lesser god" is simply not Biblical - not to mention, it makes things more confusing for those who are sincerely trying to understand Him. Is it any wonder that Muslims think that we worship "three gods"? If we can't stick to the BIBLICAL definition of ECHAD without inserting Gnosticism and Kaballah (which is where the "greater and lesser god" idea started), then how can we expect others to understand exactly who it is that we worship?
Furthermore, for those who want to insist that Yeshua is "just" Messiah but not YHWH-Come-in-the-Flesh, we challenge you to tell us what you going to do with verses such as Isaiah 9:6, John 20:28, Mark 12:32, Romans 3:30, 1 Corinthians 8:6, Galatians 3:20, Ephesians 4:6, 1 Timothy 2:5, and James 2:19!
The bottom line is: The teachers mentioned above and their ilk are suggesting "another Jesus". We are warned that there would be a plethora of false teachers in the end times!
2 Corinthians 11: 3 But I am afraid that just as Eve was deceived by the serpent's cunning, your minds may somehow be led astray from your sincere and pure devotion to Christ. 4 For if someone comes to you and preaches a Jesus other than the Jesus we preached, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or a different gospel from the one you accepted, you put up with it easily enough.
Paul warns: Galatians 1 6 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel - 7 which is really no gospel at all. Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ. 8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned! 9 As we have already said, so now I say again: If anybody is preaching to you a gospel other than what you accepted, let him be eternally condemned!
Yeshua is never called "our Father" in the "New Testament" although he is called "Everlasting father" in Isaiah 9:6. In the New Covenant, Yeshua always appears beside the Father or with the Father. This does not compromise the dual truth that Yeshua is divine, having the nature, character, mission and capacity of God in every respect, and Yeshua is God manifested in human form. Paul constantly demonstrates this principle (Romans 1:7, 2 Thessalonians 1:1, 2:16, Philemon 1:3).
There is both equality and hierarchy between Yeshua and the Father. (John 10:24, 14:28, 1 Corinthians 11:3). The subordination of a faithful messenger has a major part in the role of the Messiah and his Father...
There are unique characteristics of God which appear in Yeshua and which make Him equal to God and a part of the very nature of God and man (Phillipians 2:6-11, Hebrews 5:8, Colossians 1:19, 2:9).
As is evident in Bible hermaneutics: Scripture amply interprets Scripture!
- Jesus Christ is Michael the Archangel.
No, he's not! Yeshua was the WORD and the SON of God, the "arm" of YHWH; whereas angels were simply "created beings." They have not existed from all eternity (Nehemiah 9:6; Psalm 148:2,5). Colossians 1:16-17 explains: "For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities - all things have been created by Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together."
Angels are "messengers" and "ministering spirits" (Hebrews 1:14) and do not have physical bodies like humans. "38. And Y'shua said to them, Why are you troubled? And why do thoughts arise in your hearts? 39. Look at my hands and my feet, for it is I. Feel me and realize that a spirit has no flesh and bones, as you see that I have!" (Luke 24:38-39, AENT).
The Bible mentions Michael only five times, and none of the verses suggest that Michael is Jesus Christ! Rather than being merely "one of the foremost princes," as the Bible refers to Michael, Yeshua is "Master of Masters and King of Kings" (Rev. 17:14, AENT) and is "far above every government and authority and power and lordship and every
name named, not only in this system of things, but also in that
to come" (Eph. 1:21, NWT). And, unlike "Michael who did not dare
condemn the Devil with insulting words (he said, 'The Lord rebuke
you!'" [Jude 9, Today's English Version]), Jesus Christ
personally displayed His authority over the devil when He freely
commanded him, "Go away, Satan!" (Matt. 4:10, NWT).
Hebrews chapter one shows the sharp contrast between angels
and the Son of God. "For to what angel did God ever say, 'Thou
art my Son...?' And again, when he brings the first-born into the
world, he says, 'Let all God's angels worship him'" (vv.5-6,
Revised Standard Version). Angels consistently refuse worship
("Be careful! Do not do that!...Worship God." - Rev. 22:8-9,
NWT), but the Father's command concerning the Son is, "Let all
God's angels worship him" (Heb. 1:6).
Until 1970, the
Watchtower's own New World Translation read thusly for some 20
years until the Society changed it to read "do obeisance to him"
instead of "worship him". It seems there is a consistent campaign
to eliminate from their Bible all references to the deity of
The Watchtower Society speaks of "Jesus Christ, whom we understand from the Scriptures to be Michael the archangel" (The Watchtower, February 15, 1979, p.31). What Bible are they
reading? Where are the Scriptures to support that allegation? If what they allege is true, then WHY did Yeshua, like YHWH in the Old Covenant, call Himself the "Alpha and Omega"? How can there be TWO "Alphas and Omegas"? Here are just a few examples:
Isaiah 44:6 - "Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: 'I am first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me.
Revelation 1:8 - "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty."
Revelation 21:6 - Then He said to me, "It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give to the one who thirsts from the spring of the water of life without cost.
Revelation 22:12-16: (The Aramaic English New Testament) 12. Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me to recompense everyone according to his work. 13. I am Alap and the Taw, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the Completion. 14. Blessed are they who do His (Master YHWH's) Mitzvot, that they may have a right to the tree of life and may enter through the gates into the city. 15. Without (will be) dogs and sorcerers, and whoremongers and manslayers and idolaters, and everyone that loves and does falsehood. 16. I Y'shua have sent my Messenger to testify to you these things before the assemblies. I am the root and offspring of Dawid: like the splendid star of the morning.
A footnote in the Aramaic English New Testament says of the above: Very important! Y'shua is talking, so these are YHWH's Mitzvot (Commandments), not his. This is also the original reading in Revelation. The "wash your robes" line was substituted later, as a way to downplay the obvious pro-Torah message at the end of the NT. This is, in effect, the last speech Y'shua gives to the world. There are actually two ancient Greek witnesses that are split on the matter, and one may have arisen as a scribal error to the other between poiountes tas entolas (do his commandments) and plunontes tas stolas (wash their robes).
- Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob will not reside with Christ in his heavenly kingdom.
If this is so, then how do you explain Matthew 8:11 in which Yeshua says, "But I tell you that many from eastern parts and western parts will come and recline at the table WITH Abraham and Isaac and Jacob IN the kingdom of the heavens"?
Like many Christians, JW's have no clue that Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were chosen by YHWH (Yahweh) Himself. They knew Him because they obeyed His Torah! Unlike JW's and other Christians, they knew Him because they kept His commanded seventh day Sabbath and the Biblical Feasts, and they - like all their ancestors before them, all the way back to Cain and Abel, ate only kosher foods. It is arrogant to believe that just because these men did not "believe in" the Torah-less blond adonis known as Jesus" they won't be going to heaven! JW's need to do some serious re-reading of the "Old Testament" in order to get a better grasp of God and His Chosen People. It is blasphemy to presume to speak for God when you have no clue as to who He is!
- They claim that "only a little flock of 144,000 go to heaven and rule with Christ" (and they believe these to be Jehovah's Witnesses).
Here's what the Bible actually says:
Revelation 7: 4. And I heard the number of them that were sealed a hundred and forty and four thousand, sealed from every tribe of Israelites.
Revelation 7: 9. And after these things, I looked, and lo, a great multitude which no one could number, from all kindreds and nations and tribes and tongues; who stood before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, and palms in their hands; 10. and they cried with a loud voice, saying: Salvation to our Elohim, to him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb. "
Revelation 14:4 4. These are they who have not defiled themselves with women, for they are virgins. These are they who followed the Lamb, wherever he went. These have been redeemed by Y'shua from among men, the first fruits to Elohim and the Lamb.
"Defiled" with women refers to defilement with the "harlot" and her daughters, which also includes all forms of Gnosticism, false traditions, anti-Torah values and paganism that has worked its way into Jewish and Christian religions. Marriage and child rearing is Kadosh l'YHWH (holy to YHWH), so from the context above, virginity refers to those who have not committed idolatry with the woman of Revelation 17:5 or her daughters. The beauty and purity of physical virginity is being likened to spiritual purity. Yeshua said He would spit out of His mouth anyone who is "lukewarm" towards Him - JWs, like most Christians, dine on swine and shellfish and reject Torah because they believe "Jesus abolished it."
(Please read the last section below to discover the "secret" way that Jehovah's Witnesses are "chosen" to be among the elite 144,000....)
- Sabbath observance was given only to the Jews and ended with Mosaic Law:
This is a common mistake most Christians
make - they think the "Old Covenant" does not apply to them. Nowhere
in the Bible does Yeshua ever say anything to that effect! God does not have different rules for His natural and adopted children (Numbers 15:13-16). And Yeshua
said He came to fulfill (Heb: kum - which means establish or confirm) the Law, not "abolish" it.
Luke 24:43-45: He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the
Matthew 5:16-18: "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. 18 "For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.
Has all been accomplished? Have heaven and Earth passed away yet? Yeshua's birth, sacrificial death, and resurrection fulfilled the Torah (what Christians mistakenly call "Law"). "Fulfilled" does NOT mean "abolished"!!! The word "Torah" translated directly from Hebrew means, "Teaching and Instruction." Why would YHWH allow His original DIVINE teachings and instructions to be abolished just because Yeshua, our Final SIN Sacrifice, died on the cross?
Christians as part of Israel worship the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and as such, MUST obey His "forever" commands which include the Seventh Day Sabbath and the Biblical Feasts! It is ludicrous to think that God handed down separate rules for His natural and adopted children.
Numbers 15: 13 "'Everyone who is native-born must do these things in this way when he brings an offering made by fire as an aroma pleasing to the LORD. 14 For the generations to come, whenever an alien or anyone else living among you presents an offering made by fire as an aroma pleasing to the LORD, he must do exactly as you do. 15 The community is to have the same rules for you and for the alien living among you; this is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. You and the alien shall be the same before the LORD: 16 The same laws and regulations will apply both to you and to the alien living among you.'"
Please re-read the above in case you missed it: Non-Jews/Hebrews are "aliens"/foreigners. God was very specific about what non-Jews/Hebrews were to do: The community is to have the same rules for you and for the alien living among you; this is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come....It could not be any clearer.
- A Christian must have no part in interfaith movements:
None of the passages the JW cite on their website (2
Cor. 6:14-17, 2 Cor. 11:13-15, Gal. 5:9 or Deut. 7:1-2) says
anything about having to have "no part in interfaith movements".
Even the strongest one, 2 Corinthians 6:14, says nothing about
interfaith movements; it talks about not being yoked with
unbelievers - those who don't believe in God: 14. And don't be yoked with those who do not believe: for what fellowship has righteousness with iniquity or what fellowship has light with darkness.... (AENT)
- Jehovah's Witnesses also have a tendency to put a limit on the end times.
Yeshua warned that we should never try to put a time limit on the end
Matthew 24:35-37 and Mark 13:31-33 both state: "No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.
The above are only some of the misconceptions that have originated with Jehovah's Witnesses. We pray they wake up and realize they have been deceived, and begin to check the Bible to see what God has really said! There is ample documentation of their failed prophecies, doctrinal flip-flops, Scripture altering, and some bizarre and false teachings. Read on....
Folks - if you are tired of Jehovah's Witnesses forcing themselves on you, feel free to run off the following and hang it on your doors or windows:
ATTENTION JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES!
DO NOT KNOCK OR RING THIS DOORBELL...unless you are prepared to come in and discuss the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob from a Hebrew perspective, and explain why you are blindly following the anonymous people at the Watchtower who push MAN’s doctrines! If you agree to engage us in conversation, please be aware that you may end up leaving the Witnesses in order to pursue GOD’S Truth!
EXAMPLE of the things we will discuss:
There is no "J" in Hebrew, which means that your term "Jehovah" is man-made. Not only that, but the word "hovah" in Hebrew means "mischief and confusion"....
YHWH (Yahweh) Himself provided His real Name to Moses in Exodus 3:13-15, and it looked like this:
Exodus 3: Moshe said to God, "Look, when I appear before the people of Isra'el and say to them, 'The God of your ancestors has sent me to you'; and they ask me, 'What is his name?' what am I to tell them?" God said to Moshe, "Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh [I am/will be what I am/will be]," and added, "Here is what to say to the people of Isra'el: 'Ehyeh [I Am or I Will Be] has sent me to you.'" God said further to Moshe, "Say this to the people of Isra'el: 'Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh [ADONAI], the God of your fathers, the God of Avraham, the God of Yitz'chak and the God of Ya'akov, has sent me to you.'This is my name forever; this is how I am to be remembered generation after generation.
If you’re ready for more Biblical Truth, then please come in!
Election of the "Anointed" Among Jehovah's Witness Followers
By a former Jehovah's Witness
According to the Jehovah's Witnesses, the only ones who get to go to heaven to rule and reign with Christ, are the "elect" 144,000 of Revelation 14. These, of course, are members of the Jehovah's Witnesses. These "elected" are chosen during an annual rite of the memorial supper when any given member might receive a "sign" that he or she has been "elected" as members of "the little flock". Outsiders of the Witness organization do not generally know this information, as this is supposed to be a secret....
The Jehovah's Witnesses have a very different notion about Christ's instructions to the Apostles at the last supper in regards to the meaning and implementation of the "memorial" repast (what the Catholics call "Communion", or "Eucharist"; most Protestants simply refer to it as the memorial supper).
The Witnesses only perform the rite of the memorial supper one time annually. This memorial is scheduled as per a verse in the Bible that describes when the last supper occurred, and the definition or specification of that time is that it is always held after sundown on the first Sunday nearest the full moon corresponding to the Nisan 14 date on the Bible's lunar calendar. In any case, the primary peculiarity we draw your notice to, here, is that they participate in the memorial repast only once a year!
Let us consider a description of how they accomplish observance of the memorial supper. As is the common practice amongst protestant Christians (Catholics have a very different mode of observing "communion" than protestants) the symbols of the meal are passed through the congregation at a meeting held on the appointed date, according to the first full moon after Nissan 14. As the bread is passed, very nearly on all occasions of the memorial supper, not one member partakes of it. That is to say, they merely pass it on to the congregation member sitting next to them, without partaking of it - without eating any of it. The wine is then passed about in the same manner. Each member passes the vessel of wine to the next person, and on very nearly all occasions of the annual observance of this memorial repast, no one partakes of the wine, either, but merely passes it on to the next congregation member, who in turn passes it on, none of them tasting it, as was the case with the bread.
On a rare occasion, an individual, upon receiving the "emblems", will, in fact, partake of them. And this is the "sign" by which God supposedly designates the "election" of an individual to the little flock who are, according to official Witness doctrine, to co-rule with Christ, in Heaven.
Interestingly enough, often when this occurs, there is generated in the congregation some resentment from some individuals who do not esteem the one apparently "elected", and it is often a cause of much friction and personality conflict in a congregation. It is frequently seen as a sign not of "election", but of conceit and arrogance on the part of the one who actually partakes of the emblems.
The central governing office of the "The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York" keeps extensive statistical records of all kinds of evangelizing activity of the organization, including total number of man-hours of "field work" (door to door proselytizing, total number of publications, etc.), and of course has for decades been keeping a log of the accumulating "elect". Not long ago, they found themselves in an inexplicable (embarrassing?) position of noting that the roll of 144,000 had become filled, and people were still being "designated", (though with decreasing frequency). They have had to hypothesize an interesting explanation to account for it, but basically the explanation is that some previously elected "spirit anointed" had fallen away from "the truth" and of course had to be replaced.
The Witnesses believe that all other Christian denominations (all believers outside their organization) are "apostate", and that the early Christian Church was universally "apostatized" shortly after its foundation by Christ; therefore, they are the only sanctioned by God organization to spread the Good News and who will inherit salvation; though, nowadays, they will admit the possibility that some outside of their organization may, in fact, come into an inheritance of God's saving grace through the sacrifice of His only begotten Son, "depending on their heart condition, which only Jehovah is qualified to judge".
They define all other Christian denominations as part of an entity that they refer to as "Christendom", and that that institution constitutes the "great whore" mentioned in Revelation. They formerly reserved this appellation only for Roman Catholics; but now, though they have a special animosity for Roman Catholics, they simply include them in with all the rest of the "apostate" Christian denominations as "the great whore". And they wonder why they are persecuted. Call a Catholic a whore, and how do you think that Catholic would feel about that Witness?
The Witness eschew common vernacular in discussing religion; they will not use the term "fundamentalist", and they are fond of euphemisms; their favorite euphemism for describing a fallen away Witness, or a newly converted to the organization member, as (in the former case) is having "fallen out of the truth"; or, in the latter case of a newly recruited member, as having "come into the truth". They believe that they are the only God-recognized organization to carry out the instruction of Christ in the matter of spreading the Good News, and that only they are in possession of an uncorrupted (not apostatized) version of it; the only God authorized version of the truth.
Ironically, they are one of the very fastest growing "Christian" denominations in the world today. They also make the claim that of all the extant religions, they draw more converts from Judaism than from any other faith; this is not surprising, as they attach much meaning and relevance to the Torah (indeed, they find more relevance than any other Christian denomination in all of the Old Testament), which, in their penchant for avoiding "Christendom" terminology, they refer to as "the ancient Hebrew Scriptures" In this same vein, they avoid the term "New Testament", and refer to that literature as "the Greek Christian Scriptures".