So, you don't understand
the relationship between YHWH and Yeshua?
The Refiner's Fire has "taken on" many websites that claim to have proof about Yeshua supposedly not being the Messiah. As the study below will show, YHWH did send His Son (the "arm" of YHWH - Isaiah 53:1) to dwell among mankind for a time and, what's more, He will return again as the Lion of Judah!
Bottom line up front!
Even satan and his demons knew who He was:
Mark 1: 23. And there was a man in their assembly in whom was an unclean spirit, and he cried out, 24. And said, What have we to do with you Y'shua the Nasraya? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are, you are the Set Apart One of Elohim. 25. And Y'shua rebuked him and said, Shut your mouth and come out from him! 26. And the unclean spirit threw him down and cried out in a loud voice and came out of him. (AENT)
There are at least 6 direct mentions in the "New Testament" to show that YHWH and Yeshua are ONE. Yeshua is divine/has a divine nature because of His divine qnoma. The term in Aramaic, MarYAH, can only mean YHWH. Some key verses:
Luke 2: 11. For today is born to you in the city of Dawid the Savior who is Master YHWH, the Mashiyach.
One of the most powerful statements about YHWH and His Mashiyach in the entire Aramaic NT. YHWH is the real Mashiyach, who chose the vessel of Y'shua the man. However, within Y'shua the man is an occurrence of the One Divine Nature of YHWH, also known as the Ruach haKodesh (Holy Spirit). This is the literal meaning of the fullness of YHWH dwelling inside Mashiyach, and in accordance with Tanakh prophecy (Isaiah 53:1, Zechariah 12:10). The divine and human natures exist separately yet side-by-side within Y'shua.
1 Corinthians 12: 3. I therefore explain to you, that there is no man that speaks by the Spirit of Elohim, who says that Y'shua is accursed: neither can a man say that Y'shua is Master YHWH, except by the Ruach haKodesh.
Simple and beautiful, yet perhaps the most powerful statement of belief in all of Rav Shaul's letters. A declaration of such magnitude as this most certainly demands original Hebrew and Aramaic to comprehend the fullness of such a bold statement and revelation.
Philippians 2:5 And think you so in yourselves, as Y'shua the Mashiyach also thought; 6. who, as he was in the likeness of Elohim, did not regard it sinful to be the coequal of Elohim; 7. yet disinherited himself and assumed the likeness of a servant, and was in the likeness of men and was found in fashion as a man; 8. and he humbled himself and became obedient to death, even the death of the stake. 9. Wherefore, also, Elohim has highly exalted him and given him a name which is more excellent than all names; 10. that at the name of Y'shua every knee should bow, of (beings) in heaven and on earth and under the earth; 11. and that every tongue should confess that Y'shua the Mashiyach is YHWH, to the glory of Elohim his Father. (AENT)
More than his literal birth name Y'shua (which was and is a common Hebrew name), and more than the perfect reputation that his name represents. Y'shua bears the Name of YHWH, the "name above all names"! Y'shua has the Name and reputation of the Father YHWH in him (John 17:11) and the name means "YHWH is Salvation" (Matthew 1:21). (The angels, for instance, only have YHWH's title of ELOHIM within their names: GabriEL, MichaEL, RaphaEL....)
(The foreword above was written by Andrew Gabriel Roth, author of the Aramaic English New Testament.)
Please join us now as we continue with this indepth study below, and also, check out our short article, Yeshua in a Nutshell....
Proverbs 30:4 - Who has gone up to heaven and come down. Who has cupped the wind in the palms of his hands? Who has wrapped up the waters in his cloak? Who established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is his son's name? Surely you know!
Hebrews 9: 24 For the Messiah has entered a Holiest Place which is not man-made and merely a copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, in order to appear now on our behalf in the very presence of God. 25 Further, he did not enter heaven to offer himself over and over again, like the cohen hagadol who enters the Holiest Place year after year with blood that is not his own; 26 for then he would have had to suffer death many times - from the founding of the universe on. But as it is, he has appeared once at the end of the ages in order to do away with sin through the sacrifice of himself. 27 Just as human beings have to die once, but after this comes judgment, 28 so also the Messiah, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin, but to deliver those who are eagerly waiting for him.
Toward the end of Yeshua's earthly ministry, at the Feast of Dedication in Jerusalem (John 10:22-39), Jewish leaders asked Him point blank, "How long will you keep us in suspense? If You are the Messiah, tell us plainly" (v. 24). Yeshua, in no uncertain terms, answered that he was more than the Messiah, He was ONE with YHWH! He was a human with a divine qnoma/nature! To this they "took up stones to stone Him" (v. 31):
John 10: 22. And the Feast of Dedication occurred in Urishlim and it was winter. 23. And Y'shua was walking in the temple in the porch of Shleemon. 24. And the Yehudeans surrounded him and said to him, "How long will you hold our souls if you are the Mashiyach? Tell us openly." 25. Y'shua answered and said to them, I have told you and you do not believe! And the works that I do in the Name of my Father they testify concerning me. 26. But you do not believe because you are not of my sheep, just as I have told you. 27. My sheep hear my voice and I know them and they come after me. 28. And I give to them life that is eternal and they will not perish and no man will ever snatch them from my hands. 29. For my Father who gave them to me is greater than all, and no man is able to snatch them from the hands of my Father. 30. I and the Father are one. 31. And again the Yehudeans took up rocks to stone him. 32. Y'shua said to them, Many pleasing works from the presence of my Father I have shown you. For which of them do you stone me?
33. The Yehudeans said to him, "It is not because of the pleasing works that we stone you, rather because you do blaspheme and that while you are a Son of man you make yourself Elohim! 34. Y'shua said to them Is it not written in your Torah that "I have told you that you are Elohim." 35. If those people he called Elohim because the Miltha of Elohim was with them and Scripture is not able to be broken 36. To him whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world you say, "You blaspheme!" concerning that I had told you that "I am the Son of Elohim." 37. Unless I do the works of my Father, do not believe me. 38. If, however, I do them even if you do not believe me, you believe the works that you may know and believe that my Father is in me and I am in my Father. 39. And they were seeking again to seize him, but he escaped from their hands. (Aramaic English New Testament)
 Y'shua states that the Ruach of YHWH is within him, (Isaiah 11:1-2, Zechariah 12:10). He taught that while his nefesh would die, YHWH would reanimate both his neshama (human spirit/ruach) and nefesh (soul). Y'shua never claimed his nefesh was anything other than human and that as such, it would die.
 In Isaiah 22:20-25 a priestly father is named Hilkiah (my portion is YHWH) and his son is Eliakim (Elohim raises) which foreshadows Mashiyach whose "portion" is YHWH, and who is raised up by Elohim. Mashiyach is the first begotten of YHWH who suffers, then is raised up and then is given governance over all nations, kindreds, tongues and peoples as foreshadowed in verses 21-22: "And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open."
In other words, Yeshua did not say that He and the Father are identical (in human form, He was accountable to God the Father - the Source!); but rather, He and the Father have essential unity together, that He enjoys exact unity of nature and actions with His Father. The Jews clearly understood this and tried to stone Him for blasphemy.
Romans 11: 8. As it is written: Elohim gave them a stupid spirit and eyes that do not see and ears that do not hear, to this very day. (AENT)
Some want to believe that "man" is God because Yeshua told them so, using the following verse as proof:
Psalm 82: 5 They don't know, they don't understand, they wander about in darkness; meanwhile, all the foundations of the earth are being undermined. 6 "My decree is: 'You are elohim [gods, judges], sons of the Most High all of you.
Here YHWH is being facetious because man has become so enamored with himself, worshipping idols and "doing his own thing." However, notice the small "g" in "gods" and the fact that YHWH told them they would die like men and fall like any ordinary earthly "royalty." He wanted them to know that, although they were "sons of the Most High," they were still only men.
Many websites try to prove that Yeshua is not divine by employing plenty of Scripture twisting:
ALLEGATION: "Messiah is NOT, nor ever actually claimed to be, never was taught to be by His original followers, nor was he ever prophesied to be, 'God in the flesh'."
Okay; then what about the following:
To begin with, who do you think Isaiah 53 is all about? This chapter seems to describe the life, trial, death and resurrection of Yeshua.
Isaiah 9:6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.
Micah 5: 2 "But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, From the days of eternity."
Romans 1: 20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.
Colossians 2: 8 See to it that no one takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the tradition of men, according to the elementary principles of the world, rather than according to Messiah. 9 For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form.
Matthew 16: 15"But what about you?" he (Yeshua) asked. "Who do you say I am?" 16Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God." Yeshua replied, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven.
John 10: 30 I and the Father are One, He who has seen me has seen the Father....
John also tells us (as seen in the Aramaic English New Testament):
John 1: 1. In the beginning was the Miltha. And that Miltha was with Elohim. And Elohim was that Miltha. 2. This was with Elohim in the beginning. 3. Everything existed through His hands, and without Him, not even one thing existed of the things which have existed. 4. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5. And that light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overtake it.
John 3: 1. And there was a certain man from the Pharisees. His name was Niqodemus, a ruler of the Yehudeans. 2. This man came to Y'shua at night and said to him, "Rabbi, we know that you were sent from Elohim, for a man teacher is not able to do these miracles that you do, except he who Elohim is with. 3. Y'shua answered and said to him, Amen, amen I say to you, that if a man is not born from the beginning, he is not able to see the Kingdom of Elohim. 4. Niqodemus said to him, "How is it possible to enter the womb of his mother the second time and be born?"
5. And Y'shua answered and said to him, Amen, amen I say to you, that if a man is not born from water and spirit, he is not able to enter into the Kingdom of Elohim. 6. The thing, which is born from flesh, is flesh, and the thing, which is born from spirit, is spirit. 7. Do not marvel that I have said to you that it is necessary for you to be born from the beginning. 8. The wind will blow where it desires, and you hear its voice. But you do not know from where it comes or to where it goes. Likewise is everyone who is born from spirit.
9. Niqodemus answered and said to him, How is it possible for these things to be? 10. And Y'shua answered and said to him, You are a teacher of Yisrael, and these things you do not understand? 11. Amen, amen I say to you that the thing that we know we speak. We testify to the thing that we see, and our testimony you do not receive. 12. I have explained earthly things and you do not believe. How then will I explain heavenly things? 13. And no man has ascended into Heaven except he who descended from Heaven. The Son of man is he who is in Heaven. 14. And as Moshe lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, thus the Son of man is about to be lifted up 15. So that everyone who believes in him will not perish but have life that is eternal.
16. Thus, for Elohim loved the world so as he would give His Only-Begotten Son, that whoever would believe in him would not perish, but would have life that is eternal. 17. For Elohim did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but to give life to the world through him. 18. He that believes in him is not condemned, and he who does not believe is already judged because he does not believe in his name, that of the Only-Begotten, the Son of Elohim. 19. Now this is the judgment: Because the light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness more than the light, for their works are evil. 20. For everyone who does hateful things hates the light and does not come to the light, because his works will be hidden. 21. But he who does truthful things comes to the light that his may be known that they are done in Elohim.
John 4: 26. Y'shua said to her, I am the one speaking with you.
John 17: 1. Y'shua spoke these things and he lifted up his eyes to Heaven and said My Father the hour has come. Glorify your Son so that your Son might glorify you. 2. Just as you have given him authority over all flesh that whomever You have given him, he will give to him life that is eternal. 3. Now this is life that is eternal, that they might know You, that You are the Elohim of Truth, and he alone whom You have sent, the Mashiyach Y'shua.
ALLEGATION: According to Isaiah 42:21, any Messiah that "did away with" the Torah (Law) is a false Messiah since he would not fulfill this clear prophecy (Isa. 42:21). If you consider the Eternal Torah of YHVH to be abolished you are not a follower of the true Messiah that embraced Torah, instead you are a follower of the anti-Messiah (antiMessiah). It is this very point that rightly causes many knowledgeable Jews to reject the "Messiah" preached in churches. Unlike the majority of Messiahians, they are keenly aware of what the true Messiah's relationship to Torah is and realize the preaching of the abolishment of the Law (Torah) is blatantly unscriptural.
Yeshua never said He came to "abolish" Torah! He came to fulfill the promise of a New Covenant. (Fulfill never meant "abolish!") Yahweh never mentioned ANYTHING about abolishing His Divine Instructions in Righteousness! The websites that say otherwise are OFF THE MARK! They tend to ignore or twist Scripture. Here's what Yeshua actually said:
Matthew 5: 17. Do not think that I have come to loosen Torah or the prophets, I have not come to loosen but to fulfill. 18. For truly I say to you that until heaven and earth pass away not one Yodh or one stroke will pass from Torah until everything happens. 19. All who loosen, therefore, from one (of) these small commandments and teach thus to the sons of man, will be called little in the Kingdom of Heaven, but all who do and teach this will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven. 20. For I say to you that unless your righteousness exceeds more than that of the scribes and the Pharisees, you will not enter the Kingdom of Heaven.
Have "heaven and earth disappeared?" Has "everything been accomplished?"
ALLEGATION: "What about the fact there is NOT ONE SINGLE EXAMPLE of conversion in the New Covenant where the converts acknowledge - or were asked to acknowledge - Yeshua as God? NOT ONE!"
The entire New Testament is about conversion! Yeshua went around telling everyone He met about "The Good News" of Messiah. Check out Acts 2:38-47.
Acts 2: 38. Shimon said to them, "Repent and be immersed each of you in the name of Master YHWH-Y'shua for the forgiveness of sins, that you may receive the gift of the Ruach haKodesh. 39. For to you was the promise, and to your children, and to all those who are far away whom Elohim will call. 40. And with many other words he would witness to them and he would beseech them while saying, Save (yourselves) from this perverse generation." 41. And some of them readily received his word and believed and were immersed. And there were added in that day about three thousand souls. 42. And they were steadfast in their teaching of the Shlichim and they were fellowshipping in prayer and in the breaking of bread. 43. And fear came to every soul, and signs and many mighty deeds occurred by the hands of the Shlichim in Urishlim. 44. And all those who had believed as one, and everything that they had were held in common. 45. And those who had a possession would sell it and divide it to each one according to whatever was in need. 46. And everyday they were steadfast in the temple with one soul. And at home they were breaking loaves of bread. And while they were receiving food, and rejoicing in the simplicity of their hearts, 47. they were praising Elohim while finding favor before all the people. And everyday our Master (Y'shua) would add to those who lived among the congregation.
Those who accepted His message and were baptized were JEWS!
ALLEGATION: What about the fact that worship of Yeshua as "God" is a direct violation of YHVH's clear command to avoid the worship of "other gods"?
How can anyone possibly say that Yeshua was NOT the DIVINE Messiah - the "arm" of YHWH - when He was foreshadowed throughout the Tanach, and has already fulfilled the first four feasts? He is the ONLY One Who ever has done, or ever will do the following, as He was:
- Conceived by a virgin whose hymen was broken from the inside, not by seed of man. (Yeshua was born to Miriam [Mary], virgin bride of Joseph, as foretold and/or evidenced in Genesis 3:15; Genesis 49:10; Isaiah 7:13-15; Jeremiah 31:22; Luke 1:34-35; and Matthew 1:17-20.)
- Born of an extremely rare bloodline that includes many of the fathers of Israel. (See geneology from Abraham to David in Matthew 1.)
- Born in Bethlehem; descendant of David, traced back to Abraham. (Matthew 1; Matthew 2:6; Micah 5:2.)
- Messiah was to a prophet like unto Moses. (Deuteronomy 18:15, 18, 19.)
- Messiah would enter Jerusalem in triumph, gentle, and riding on a donkey. (According to Daniel, there would be 483 years between the decree to rebuild the wall and the city of Jerusalem in troublesome times before Messiah would be cut off for the sins of the people. Exactly 483 years after the rebuilding of Jerusalem and its walls, Yeshua of Nazareth offered himself to the nation of Israel. He rode into the city on a donkey to the rejoicing of the people, just as the prophet Zechariah had predicted: "Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, lowly and riding on a donkey, a colt, the foal of a donkey. See Zechariah 9:9.)
- Messiah would be rejected by His own people. (Most Jews to this very day reject Yeshua as Messiah. They believe He was just a good rabbi and prophet, and definitely NOT the Messiah. See Daniel 9:24-26, Isaiah 53:1, 3, and Psalm 118:22.)
- Messiah would minister mostly in Galilee. (Isaiah 9:1-2)
- Isaiah and Malachi predict Messiah would be preceded by a forerunner. (Yeshua was very much like Moses: Both were delivered from death as infants. Both were prophets. Both performed miracles. Both were leaders. And both were intermediaries between God and man. No other prophet is as much like Moses than Yeshua. Moses led the Jews out of the bonds of slavery in Egypt into the Promised Land of Israel. Moses died shortly before the Jews entered Israel. Yeshua leads people - anyone who accepts Him as their Savior - out of the bonds of sin and into the Promised Land of Heaven. Yeshua died for our sins so that people could enter the Kingdom of Heaven. See Deuteronomy 18:15-18; see also Malachi 3:1-5; Isaiah 9:6-7).
- The Psalmists said that Messiah would be betrayed by a friend. (He was betrayed by Judas, one of his 12 disciples. See Psalm 41:9 and Matthew 26:47-50.)
- Zechariah said that Messiah would be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver. He adds that people will look on the one whom they have pierced. (Judas was paid 30 pieces of silver, then later committed suicide when he realized the enormity of what he had done. See Zechariah 11:12-13.)
- Messiah would be tried and condemned. (Isaiah 53:8)
- Messiah was to be silent before His accusers. (Isaiah 53:7)
- Messiah was to be smitten and spat upon by His enemies. (Micah 5:1, Isaiah 50:6)
- Messiah was to be mocked and taunted. (Psalm 22:7, 8)
- Messiah was to suffer with transgressors and pray for His enemies. (Isaiah 53:12.)
- Messiah was to be given vinegar and gall. (Psalm 69:21)
- The Psalmists prophesied that people would divide His garments among them and cast lots for His clothing. (Psalm 22:18)
- Messiah's bones were not to be broken. ( Numbers 9:12, Exodus 12:46. Often, the Romans broke the legs of their crucified in order to speed impending death, as the crucified could then no longer support their body weight, which would asphyxiate them. God the Father [YHVH] saw to it that Yeshua's bones were not broken.)
- Messiah was to die as an offering for sin. (Isaiah 53:5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12)
- The Psalms say he was to be raised from the dead/resurrected. (Psalm 16:10, Mark 16:19-20; John 20:1-10; Matthew 28:11-1; John 20:19-23; Mark 16:14; and Mark 16:14-18. Yeshua actually prophesied His own persecution, death and resurrection. He told His disciples that He would go into Jerusalem where He was suffer at the hand of religious leaders before being put to death. He also said that He would rise again on the third day. See Matthew 16:21-26)
- Messiah now at God's Right Hand. (Psalm 110:1)
- Isaiah 49:6 says God's salvation would reach the ends of the earth. (In Isaiah 49:6, the prophet speaks of a servant of God who would be a light to Gentiles (non-Jews) so that God's salvation could reach the ends of the earth. Messiahians and Messianic Jews believe that Yeshua is the fulfillment of this promise. Yeshua and His followers who helped spread Messiahianity about 2000 years ago have certainly been an inspiration to Gentiles - there are now about 2 billion Messiahians worldwide. And Messiahians believe that salvation is available to anyone who accepts Yeshua as their savior.)
The Jewish Messiah came 2,000 years ago! No one else could, or has ever, fit these particular qualifications besides YaHashua HaMaschiyach (Y'shua the Messiah), whose very Name means "YHWH is Salvation".
ALLEGATION: God cannot die. Yeshua died. If Yeshua died, then ALL of him died. I realize some try to weasel out of this by saying his "divine nature" did not actually die. If that is the case, then the reports of his death are lies and we might as well burn our Bibles. How can God die?
For one thing, those without the Holy Spirit residing within could NEVER understand because the things of God cannot be discerned by our limited, human mindsets. Choose to believe it or not:
Yeshua came to be YHWH's Servant, humbling Himself to appear to us in human form: Isaiah 52:13: 13 See, my servant will act wisely; he will be raised and lifted up and highly exalted.
He took our sins upon Him: Isaiah 53:6: 6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
He was our guilt offering and He was raised from the dead as our accepted sacrifice: Isaiah 53:10: 10 Yet it was the Lord 's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the Lord makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand.
Yeshua's HUMAN body died physically on the cross, but His Divine Qnoma/Nature lived on. The fact that there was NO corpse should have been proof that God was trying to tell us something: (1) He didn't WANT there to be a corpse; and, (2) He is God and He can do whatever He wants....
Questions such as the above show the extremes that Jews for Judaism, Outreach Judaism, and their ilk will go to in order to disprove Yeshua's divinity! Is it really so hard to grasp the fact that the same God who is powerful enough to have created the entire universe, is also capable of sending an aspect of Himself down to earth in the form of a human male, so that man could both better understand and relate to Him? (After all, He appeared to Moshe as a Burning Bush and God was with the Jews in the form of "a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way, and in a pillar of fire by night" [Exodus 13:21, 22; Numbers 14:14; Nehemiah 9:12, 19], and they didn't really appreciate or understand Him then, either - as evidenced by their behavior at Mount Sinai while Moshe was receiving the Ten Mitzvot. They didn't appreciate or understand Him throughout the entire Tanach [Old Covenant], because they kept on straying. So, the fact that they are kicking and screaming and refuting Yeshua the Messiah who was foreshadowed throughout the Tanach, comes as no surprise, either. They've never listened before, why should they listen now?....)
1 Corinthians 15 shows that, what happened to Yeshua's human body will happen to our mortal bodies during the upcoming "rapture": 50. But this I say, my Brothers that flesh and blood cannot inherit the Kingdom of Heaven: neither does corruption inherit incorruption. 51. Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52. Suddenly, as in the twinkling of an eye, at the last shofar, when it will sound; and the dead will arise, without corruption; and we will be changed. 53. For this which is corruptible, is to put on incorruption; and that which dies, will put on immortality. 54. And when that which is corruptible, will put on incorruption, and that which dies, immortality; then will take place the Word that is written, "Death is absorbed in victory."
Some websites insist that Matthew 16:15-20 and John 17:3 prove that Messiah is NOT God. What about the OT Scriptures that actually NAME Him as God?
Isaiah 7:14 - Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel (which means "God With Us").
Matthew 1: 23. "Behold, a virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call his name Ammanuel, which is interpreted 'our El (is) with us'" (AENT)
To all the websites and so-called teachers who speak against Yeshua's deity, The Refiner's Fire presents the following warning:
1 Timothy 4: 1 The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and things taught by demons. 2 Such teachings come through hypocritical liars, whose consciences have been seared as with a hot iron....
Let's attempt to discern YHWH's Word from a completely different angle, rather than the same old, worn-out Scriptures so many people use to try to dispute Yeshua's "Godhood" and the fact that YHWH (Yahweh) has so far revealed Himself to us as the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit:
In Genesis YHWH often refers to Himself in the plural form, which proves He is more than a "singular". Example:
Genesis 1:26 - Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground."
Genesis 3:22 - And the Lord God said, "The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever."
Some traditional Jews like to explain this away by saying, "Well, He said "we" because He was talking to the angels he had recently created, supposedly on the 2nd Day (sorry, but we don't see any angels mentioned there!). Where exactly does it say that in the Bible? How do we even know that angels existed at that particular time, because the Bible never says WHEN they were created. (Perhaps something is mentioned in the Talmud, but that was spoken passed down through the generations, which makes the whole idea a moot point.) The first time we hear anything about angels is in Genesis 16:7. If YHWH was talking to the angels in Genesis 1, the Bible would surely have signified it in some way.
Next, in Hebrew, the "Shema", the Jewish confession of faith made up of Deut 6:4-9, 11:13-21, and Numbers 15:37-41 is very clear about God being One - however, it's a plurality of "one" as evidenced in the word "Echad": "Shema Yisrael, Adonai Elohainu, Adonai Echad." (In English: Hear O Israel the Lord our God, the Lord is One.) The Godhead is "Echad", or "One" - However, this Hebrew word "Echad" allows for plurality, and that's the word God used in the Bible. Had YHWH meant it to be strictly singular, He would have used YACHID, because it can only be used in the singular (something which is undivided = Yachid, or unit). For instance: one stone, one desk, one chair, etc. When you use the word YACHID, then plurality is totally out of the question. But ECHAD is anything that can be grouped, such as grapes or people, etc. For instance:
Ezekiel 37: 18 "When your countrymen ask you, 'Won't you tell us what you mean by this?' 19 say to them, 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: I am going to take the stick of Joseph--which is in Ephraim's hand--and of the Israelite tribes associated with him, and join it to Judah's stick, making them a single stick of wood, and they will become one in my hand.'
The word used in the original Hebrew to describe the coming together of these sticks is ECHAD, not YACHID. In other words, two sticks come to together to make one stick. The word YACHID would have been totally inappropriate here.
Genesis 1:5 says He made evening and morning which, together (ECHAD) , were the first day. Genesis 2:24 says Man should leave his father and mother to live with his wife. "And the two shall become one (ECHAD) flesh.
If God had wanted to use a word for Himself which would NOT allow plurality in Scripture, He would have used YACHID. He didn't.
Furthermore, one Hebrew word for God is ELOHIM. In Hebrew, everything that ends in "im" is plural. If God were one single unit, He would have referred to Himself as Eloah. Why did He refer to Himself in the plural? Because YHWH is "majesty" and He is complicated, able to reveal Himself in whatever form He wants:
Let's dig deeper, beginning with Genesis 18:
Genesis 18:1 Now the LORD appeared to him (Abraham) by the oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day. 2 When he lifted up his eyes and looked, behold, three men were standing opposite him; and when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the earth, 3 and said, "My Lord, (notice he didn't say, "Gentlemen"; He said "Lord") if now I have found favor in Your sight, please do not pass Your servant by. (Did Abraham speak to one of them, or all three? Just ONE, because the original Hebrew says he ran to ONE of them and called Him "Lord"! He knew God from a previous meeting in Gen 17: 1 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, "I am God Almighty; walk before me and be blameless. 2 I will confirm my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers." 3 Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, 4 "As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations.
5 No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations. 6 I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. 7 I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 8 The whole land of Canaan, where you are now an alien, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God.") In Exodus 6:2 God also said to Moses, "I am the Lord . 3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty, but by my name the Lord I did not make myself known to them. Exodus 33: 20 But," he said, "you cannot see my face, for no one may see me and live."
The Jewish Apostle John referred to Yeshua as "The Word." What he's saying is, human beings in their present form, cannot see God. Yeshua was the outward visible expression of the invisible God to human beings.
John 1: 1. In the beginning was the Miltha. And that Miltha was with Elohim. And Elohim was that Miltha. 2. This was with Elohim in the beginning. 3. Everything existed through His hands, and without Him, not even one thing existed of the things which have existed. 4. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5. And that light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overtake it. (AENT)
John 1: 14. And the Miltha became flesh and dwelt among us and we saw His glory, the glory as the Only-Begotten who is from the Father who is full of grace and truth. (AENT)
Miltha, by the way, refers to the "Manifestation" of the Ruach haKodesh within Mashiyach. The physical body of Mashiyach is not the Word of YHWH, but his words and actions demonstrate the Will and Word of YHWH, which upholds observance of Torah. However, Christo-Pagans like Marcion and Constantine taught that Y'shua's body and spirit manifest a different "word" that did away with Torah. The Word of YHWH was substituted with dispensational and replacement "theologies," which are very popular among Christians.
The Bible teaches us about two comings of the Messiah who comes from the Tribe of David, a human family, and who is absolutely YHWH. Let's go to the text that speaks about the future coming:
Jeremiah 23: 5 "The days are coming," declares the Lord , "when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land. 6 In his days Judah will be saved and Israel will live in safety. This is the name by which he will be called: The Lord Our Righteousness.
This name has no equivalent in the kind of names a Jewish mother or father would dare give their child. They have named their children with the attributes of God, but never "Lord" or "God".
Isaiah 9: 6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Deity is never born; only humanity is. The above Names for Him show that Messiah WOULD be born as a man but, having a Divine Qnoma (Nature) He would also be viewd as "more than just a human." After all, He did walk on water, raise the dead, heal the sick and turn water into wine....How many mere humans do you know who can do that? Yeshua was part of YHWH, inseparable from His "Father"....
How - as is alleged - does Matthew 16 "prove" that Yeshua is NOT Divine? Yeshua is trying to teach His disciples is that people in general must learn who Messiah is through a supernatural revelation of God, not simply because somebody told them. In other words, it must be spiritually discerned for each person. That's why He told them not to tell people who He was. If you will look at vs. 21-25, you will see that Peter was sharply rebuked when he tried to speak against Yeshua's prophesied death; he was, at that moment in time, interfering with God's plan. Yeshua told them that in order to have eternal life, one must "die" to himself in order to be able to "see" the things of God through "spiritual eyes".
Matthew 16: 13. And when Y'shua came to the region of Caesarea of Philippi, he was asking his disciples and said, Concerning me, who do men say that I am, merely a son of a man? 14. And they said, "Some say Yochanan the Immerser, but others Eliyahu. And others Yirmeyahu, or one of the prophets. 15. He said to them, But who do you say that I am? 16. Shimon Keefa said, "You are the Mashiyach, the Son of the Living Elohim." 17. Y'shua answered him and said, Blessed are you Shimon, the son of Yona, because flesh and blood have not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. 18. I say also to you that you are Keefa, and on this Keefa I will build my assembly, and the gates of Sheol will not subdue it. 19. To you I will give the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and any thing you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and all things that you loose on earth, will be loosed in heaven.
20. Then he commanded his disciples that they should not say to men that he was the Mashiyach. 21. And from that time onwards, Y'shua began to make known to his disciples that he must go to Urislim and suffer much from the elders and from the chief priests, and scribes. And he would be killed, and on the third day would rise up. 22. But Keefa took him and began to rebuke him and said, "Far be it from you, my Master" that this should happen to you." 23. But he turned and said to Keefa, Get behind me Satan! You are a stumbling block to me because you do not think of Elohim, rather of the sons of men. 24. Then Y'shua said to his disciples, He who wishes to follow after me, let him deny himself and take up his staff and follow after me. 25. He who desires to save his life, will lose it. And he who loses his life for my sake, will find it. (AENT)
Now check out Romans 8: 1. There is therefore no condemnation to them who in Y'shua the Mashiyach walk not after the flesh. 2. For the Torah of the Spirit of Life, which is in Y'shua the Mashiyach, has emancipated you from the instruction of sin and death. 3. Therefore, as Torah was impotent through the weakness of the flesh, Elohim sent his Son in the likeness of sinful flesh on account of sin; that He might, in his flesh, condemn sin; 4. So that the righteousness of Torah might be fulfilled in us, since it is not in the flesh that we walk, but in the Spirit.
5. For they who are in the flesh recall to mind the things of the flesh: and they who are of the Spirit do recall to the mind the things of the Spirit. 6. For minding the things of the flesh is death; but minding the things of the Spirit is life and peace. 7. Because minding the things of the flesh is enmity towards Elohim: for it does not subject itself to the Torah of Elohim, because it is not possible. 8. And they who are in the flesh cannot please Elohim. 9. You, however, are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit; if the Spirit of Elohim truly dwells in you. And if in anyone there is not the Spirit of Mashiyach, he is none of his.
10. But if Mashiyach is in you, the body is dead in regard to sin; and the Spirit is alive in regard to righteousness. 11. And if the Spirit of Him who raised our Master Y'shua the Mashiyach from the dead dwells in you, he who raised our Master Y'shua the Mashiyach from the dead will also revive your dead bodies because of his Spirit that dwells in you. 12. Now we are debtors, my Brothers, not to the flesh, that we should walk according to the flesh: 13. For if you live according to the flesh, you are going to die. But if, by the Spirit, you subdue the inclinations of your body, you will live. 14. For they who are led by the Spirit of Elohim, they are the sons of Elohim.
15. For you have not received the spirit of bondage, again to fear; but you have received the Spirit of adoption, by which we cry, Abba, our Father. 16. And this Spirit testifies to our spirit that we are the sons of Elohim. 17. And if sons, then heirs; heirs of Elohim, and joint heirs of the inheritance of Y'shua the Mashiyach: so that, if we suffer with him, we will also be glorified with him. 18. For I consider well that the sufferings of the present are not comparable with the glory which is to be perfected in us. 19. For the whole creation is hoping and waiting for the development of the sons of Elohim.
20. For the creation was subjected to vanity, not by its own choice, but because of him who subjected it 21. In the hope that also the creation itself would be emancipated from the bondage of corruption into the liberty of the glory of the sons of Elohim. 22. For we know, that all the creatures are groaning and labors in pain to this day. 23. And not only they, but we also in whom are the first fruits of the Spirit, we groan within ourselves and look anxiously for the adoption of sons, the redemption of our bodies. 24. Therefore we live in hope. Although hope that is seen is not hope; for if we saw it, how should we hope for it? 25. But if we hope for that which is not seen, we are in patient waiting.
26. So also the Spirit aids our weakness. For we are not cognizant of what to pray for in a proper manner; but the Spirit prays for us with groans beyond description. 27. And the searcher of hearts, he knows what is the mind of the Spirit; because he prays for the Set Apart believers, agreeably to the will of Elohim. 28. And we know that he aids him in all things, for good, who love Elohim; them whom he called from before our beginnings according to his purpose. 29. And he knew them previously; and he sealed them with the likeness of the image of his Son; that He might be the first-born of many brothers. 30. And those whom he previously sealed, them he called: and those whom he called, them he made righteous: and those whom he made righteous, them he glorified.
31. What then will we say of these things? If Elohim (is) for us; who (is) against us? 32. And, if he spared not his Son but gave him up for us all, how will he not give us all things, "with him?" 33. Who will set himself against the chosen of Elohim? It is Elohim who justifies. 34. Who is it that condemns? Mashiyach died and arose and is on the right hand of Elohim, and makes intercession for us. 35. What will sever me from the love of Mashiyach? Will affliction or distress or persecution or famine or nakedness or peril or the sword? 36. As it is written: For your sake, we die daily: and we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. 37. But in all these things we are victorious by means of him who loved us. 38. For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor Messengers nor principalities, nor powers nor things present nor things to come, 39. Nor height nor depth, nor any other creature will be able to sever me from the love of Elohim which is in our Master Y'shua the Mashiyach. (AENT)